ANNUAL REPORT 2011-2012
The Medical Council of India - a statutory body - was established in February 1934 under an act of parliament termed - the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933. This Act was repealed by Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956). Some amendments to this Act were made in 1958 (36 of 1958) and in 1964 (24 of 1964). Amendments were made through an ordinance promulgated by the President of India on 27th August 1992. Through this ordinance, new section i.e. Section 10A, 10B, & Section 10C were introduced in the I.M.C. Act, 1956 notified on 2nd January 1993 mainly to restrict the mushrooming of medical colleges, increase of seats in courses and starting of new courses without the prior approval of the Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. This amendment was duly notified by the Government of India in the extraordinary Gazette of India part II section I on 3rd April 1993 with effective date 1st June 1992. An amendment was made and notified by the Central Govt. duly published in the Gazette of India on 28.6.2003 regarding the Screening Test Regulations, 2002 (putting that a candidate shall have to pass all the three papers in the same attempt.) However, there shall not be any restriction on the number of attempts to appear in the test. An amendment was made and notified by the Central Govt. duly published in Gazette of India on 1st March, 2004 with regard to amend the Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 1997 putting that “(6A) There shall be no admission of students in respect of any academic session beyond 30th September under any circumstances. The Universities shall not register any student admitted beyond the said date. (6B) The Medical Council of India may direct, that any students identified as having obtained admission after the last date of closure of admission be discharged from the course of study, or any medical qualification granted to such a student shall not be a recognised qualification for the purpose of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956. The Institution which grants admission to any student after the last date specified from the same shall also be liable to face such action as may be prescribed by MCI including surrender of seats equivalent to the extent of such admission made from its sanctioned intake capacity for the succeeding academic year”. Amendment was made and Notified by the Central Govt. duly published in the Gazette of India on 23rd March, 2006 with regard to Postgraduate Medical Education (Amendment) Regulations, 2006. Latest Amendment were made and notified by the Central Govt. duly published in the Gazette of India, during the year were 10.05.2011. 13.05.2011, 06.07.2011, 08.07.2011, 16.08.2011, 26.09.2011, 20.12.2011, 09.02.2012, 15.02.2012 and 28.03.2012.(Annexure I).
The provisions of IMC (Amendment) Act, 1993 whereby Section 10A was introduced and came into deemed effect from 27th August, 1992 (initially promulgated as an ordinance). As per the amended Act prior permission of the Central Government is mandatory for opening of a new medical college, increase in admission capacity and starting of new or higher course studies. The eligibility and qualifying criteria for opening of a new medical college is laid down in Establishment of Medical College Regulations, 1999. The minimum requirement for 50/100/150/200/250 students admission college Regulations, 1999.
As per the newly inserted Section 3B (b) (ii) Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Act, 2010, the Board of Governors shall grant independently permission for establishment of new medical colleges or opening a new or higher course of study or training or increase in admission capacity in any course of study or training referred to in Section 10A without prior permission of Central Government including exercise of power to finally approve or disapprove the same.
During the year 2011-12, Twenty one ( 21 ) new medical college were established( 16 in Pvt. Sector and 5 in Govt. Sector), thus enhancing the medical colleges in India from 314 to 335 ( 185 in Pvt. Sector and 150 in Govt. sector).Admission capacity of these 21 new colleges was 2700. In existing recognized 33 medical colleges , admission capacity was increased ( 17 in Pvt. Sector and 16 in Govt. Sector) resulting in increase of 1842 seats, therefore a total of 4542 number of MBBS seats were increased in this year. The admission capacity in year 2011-12 was about 41569 students, at undergraduate level and about 21000 students, at post graduate level in India.
Current Scenario : At present there are 355 medical college in India, 266 are recognized u/s 11(2) and 83 are permitted u/s 10 A of IMC Act 1956 and remaining 6 are at stage of recognition ( in addition request has also been received from NEIGRIH & MS an autonomous institute under MOH & FW). Out of 355 medical colleges (194 are in Pvt. Sector and 161 are in Govt. sector) with admission capacity of 23905 and 20145 respectively. The total admission capacity is about 44050 students, presently at undergraduate level. Such graduates after completing compulsory rotating internship are required to be registered with State Medical Council or the Medical Council of India to practice medicine in the country.
The total admission capacity is about 22,850 students at Post graduate level in the country.
In consonance of the provisions of the Act, Medical Council of India is entrusted with the following objectives: -
A. (I) Maintenance of uniform standards of Medical Education-both at (1) Undergraduate and (2) Postgraduate levels for continuance of already recognised courses. It also envisages inspections/visitations of medical colleges for permission to start medical colleges for MBBS course, starting of new Postgraduate courses and increase of seats as per provisions of section 10A of the Act.
(II) Recommendation to the Central Government, Ministry of Health & F.W, for recognition and de-recognition of Medical qualifications of Medical Institutions (a) within, (b) outside the country; After amendment of section 13(4) which provides for screening test, scope of
recognition of foreign medical qualifications when held by Indian nationals has basic more or less met a dead end. In the matter of mutual recognition of Medical qualifications as per provisions of section 12 (2) of the Act, matters can still be considered.
B. (i) Maintenance of Indian Medical Register.
(ii) Grant of Provisional & Permanent registration as applicable to persons holding recognised Medical qualifications included in the schedules to the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
(iii) Issue of good standing certificates.
Click here to view / read this annual report